Fortune ScStr - History

Fortune ScStr - History

‘Wheel of Fortune’ contestant makes history as celebration nearly injures Vanna White

A “Wheel of Fortune” contestant on Tuesday became the first person ever to win a house on the game show — prompting a confetti-fueled celebration that ended with co-host Vanna White getting hit in the head.

Laura Trammell, a sixth-grade teacher from Mission Viejo, Calif., had already won $23,690 in prizes when she solved the puzzle — “I caught a glimpse” — during the bonus round, footage shows.

She won a new pad in the Latitude Margaritaville community of Daytona Beach, Florida — valued at $375,000 — bringing her total prize money to a sky-high $398,690.

“This is just nuts!” host Pat Sajak told Trammell as confetti was shot across the stage in celebration.

But one of the pieces of confetti struck White in the head during the joyful moment.

Laura Trammell correctly solved the bonus round puzzle. Wheel Of Fortune Facebook

When the show returned from a commercial break, Sajak told viewers the confetti had nearly taken out White’s eye.

Laura Trammell is a sixth-grade teacher and became the first person to ever win a home on “Wheel of Fortune.” Wheel Of Fortune Facebook

“First thing, I have to tell you that, when you won, Vanna was running across the stage, and the confetti came out, [she] got whacked in the head by a clump of confetti!”

Laura Trammell won a new home in the Latitude Margaritaville community of Daytona Beach, Florida. Wheel Of Fortune Facebook

“Thank goodness, it wasn’t my eye,” White replied — prompting Sajak to exclaim, “You could’ve put your eye out!”

“Thank goodness, it wasn’t my eye,” Vanna White said of the confetti incident. Wheel Of Fortune Facebook

The famous 64-year-old letter-turner ultimately walked away with no serious injuries. And Trammell was over the moon about the historic win, which was part of the show’s “Home Sweet Home” giveaway this week.

“I am beyond excited, I’m still in shock. I still can’t believe it just happened,” she said.

Legendary History of the Fortune Cookie #4

During the 13th and 14th centuries, China was occupied by Mongols. The story goes that the Mongols had no taste for Lotus Nut Paste. So, the Chinese people hid sayings inscribed with the date of their revolution inside the Moon Cakes where the yolk would typically reside. Under the disguise of a Taoist priest, patriotic revolutionary Chu Yuan Chang, entered occupied walled cities to hand out Moon Cakes to other revolutionaries. These instructions coordinated the uprising that successfully allowed the Chinese people to form the basis of the Ming Dynasty.

Moon Festival became regularly celebrated. Part of that tradition was the passing out of cakes with sayings inside them.

It is thought that this legend is what inspired the Chinese 49ers working on the construction of American Railways through the Sierra Nevada to California. When Moon Festival rolled around, they did not have any traditional moon cakes. So out of necessity they improvised with hard biscuits and the Fortune Cookie was born.

Fortune 500 features two Black women CEOs for first time

The Fortune 500 list for 2021 is an historic one.

The annual list of the 500 largest American companies by total revenue features two Black female CEO’s on the same list for the first time ever, according to ABC News.

The 67th edition of Fortune 500 features Rosalind “Roz” Brewer, the CEO of Walgreens Boots Alliance, and Thasunda Brown Duckett, the CEO of TIAA.

The pharmaceutical retailer Walgreens ranked 16th on the list after delivering more than $139 billion in revenues in its most recent fiscal year. TIAA, a financial service organization, ranked 79th with more than $41 billion in revenues.

Citing Equal Employment Opportunity Commission data, CNN reports the two women are in rare company on Wall Street as Black people make up just 3.3% of senior and executive leaders presently working in corporate America.

Brewer, a former Starbucks executive, was appointed CEO of Walgreens in March, according to theGrio.

Brown Duckett took over TIAA as CEO in February, as reported by theGrio. Prior to that, she was CEO of Chase Consumer Banking. She replaced another Black CEO in Roger W. Ferguson Jr., who retired from his post.

TIAA CEO Thasunda Brown Duckett (via LinkedIn)

TIAA is the only Fortune 500 company to have two consecutive Black CEOs.

“It does not escape me that I am standing on the shoulders of giants, including the cooks and janitors and others who look like me and were first to enter corporate America,” Brown Duckett said told ABC. “They created the space for me to have this opportunity. My hope is that corporate America realizes that talent is created equally but opportunity is not, and we all acknowledge that there’s still more work to be done.”

Brewer and Brown Duckett follow in the footsteps of Ursula Burns, the first Black female CEO of a Fortune 500 firm. She ran Xerox from 2009 to 2016, according to the Harvard Business Review.

Additionally, the 2021 Fortune 500 lists the most female CEO’s in history with 41 total. The highest ranking of the 41 is Karen S. Lynch, who leads pharmacy and health company CVS Health. The retailer made over $268 billion in revenue in its latest fiscal year.

Walmart led the list with more than $559 billion on the top line. The retail conglomerate has topped the list every year since 2013, according to Fortune.

The companies on the 2021 Fortune 500 combine for a grand total of $13.8 trillion in revenues. Black Enterprise reports that the companies accounted for around two-thirds of the U.S. economy.

Have you subscribed totheGrio’s podcast “Dear Culture”? Download our newest episodes now!

From Japan, with love


Some people mistakenly think that mooncakes, which are a Chinese New Year tradition, are part of the inspiration of the fortune cookie. These cakes did contain secret messages as part of a resistance movement against the Mongolian forces in the 14th century. But today's mooncakes are message-less.

In reality, fortune cookies' origins lie in Japan. Former New York Times reporter Jennifer 8. Lee explored the history of the fortune cookie in her book The Fortune Cookie Chronicles.

In her research, Lee spoke with food scholar Yasuko Nakamachi, who spent years traveling through Japan to trace the history of the fortune cookie to its motherland. Nakamachi identified crackers sold in bakeries on the outskirts of Kyoto, Japan as the likely inspiration for the westernized fortune cookies. In Japan, these crackers are called tsujiura senbei (fortune crackers) or omikuji senbei (written fortune crackers).

The Japanese senbei contain lines of poetry rather than fortunes and are much larger than the fortune cookies served in U.S. Chinese restaurants. They are flavored with sesame and miso instead of vanilla, and they're darker than American fortune cookies, too. Another major difference is that their messages are placed in the cookies' exterior bend, instead of being folded inside.


  • In episode 43 "Nick of Time" of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. It originally aired on November 18, 1960, on CBS and was written by Richard Matheson.
  • In the 1988 Penny Marshall film Big, the main character, a child who wishes to be big, uses a "Zoltar" magical wishing machine very similar to a fortune teller machine that turns him into an adult. That machine was referenced in "Fortune in Flames", a second-season episode of the reality television series Pawn Stars.
  • In an episode of Beavis & Butthead, the title characters want to go to a metal concert, when Butthead asks Beavis for money, Beavis replies, "I spent all my money playing Zoltar."
  • In "The Honking", an episode of the animated TV series Futurama, the main characters, wishing to learn about a curse that has afflicted Bender, consult with a fortune teller machine, which, like many of the other machines of the 31st century, is sentient.
  • In the eleventh and final series of Big Brother UK and the Ultimate Big Brother series, a fortune teller machine named Bob Righter (an anagram of Big Brother), was present in the main living area of the house. In the first few weeks of the series, after an eviction, the machine would tell a good or bad fortune to one of the current housemates. However, in a twist it was actually the evicted housemate who decided who would receive the good or bad fortune.
  • A Zoltar machine appears on the 2014 album Wishful Thinking by the Pop-Punk band Neck Deep, and the entire album cover is reminiscent of the 1988 comedy film Big.
  • A fortune telling machine named "Sallah, the Soothsaying Sultan" appears in Warehouse 13, during the episode "Insatiable". Its predictions have no bearing on reality their only purpose is to cause extreme dread in whoever reads them.
  • In the episode "Fundamentals of Naked Portraiture" from the series Limitless, the main character, Brian Finch, uses the Zoltar machine comically in a scene to tell some guilty military members that their fortune is that they are all murderers.
  • In BioShock and BioShock 2, fortune teller machines called Epstein the Swami will give out pessimistic fortunes every time they are used.
  • In Grand Theft Auto Online, players can opt to place a "Nazar Speaks" machine inside their arcade which will tell players fortunes when used, many of which are references to either game mechanics or other Rockstar Games video games.
  • In Dead by Daylight, there is a map (Father Campbell's Chapel) in which have a fortune teller machine.
  • In Step Up 3, a Zoltar machine like the one from Big is seen when the dance crew enters the arcade at a fair.
  • In the music video of Poets of The Fall's "Carnival of Rust", the singer of the band is dressed as a fortune teller.
  • In Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare ' s Zombies mode there is a fortune telling machine that deals "Fate and Fortune" cards.
  • In season 4 of Wizards of Waverly Place episode "Misfortune at the Beach", the main characters receive fortunes from a machine, good and bad, that actually come to true.
  • In an episode of Batman: The Animated Series, entitled "Be A Clown", The Joker uses a fortune telling machine in the form of an old woman to seal Batman's fate.
  • In the episode of "Mechanical Genie Island" from the series The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack Flapjack and Captain K'nuckles get stranded on an island inhabited by the fortune telling machine in a form of genie that plays games with whoever comes on his island in order to cheat them into being his butlers for life. Later, it is revealed that Mechanical Genie is the toy of a giant baby.
  • In Batman Forever Edward Nygma in his apartment has the fortune telling machine in the form of a man dressed in a green suit with question marks all over it called The Guesser. Nygma took from it a major inspiration for creating the image of The Riddler.
  • In season 3 of Bunk'd, the campers find "The Great Balthazar", a fortune teller machine in the barn. One of the counselors, Lou, is uncomfortable with it, thinking that it's cursed. Near the end of the episode, she wants to smash it with a hammer back to "the underworld she believes that it came from" since she believes that was how the fortunes came true, until her friends give her a reasonable explanation. A camper, Matteo, tries proving it by getting a fortune saying that no one will see his true strength but when he fails to prove to her that it's just a game, another camper, Zuri, says "You didn't need to be Balthazar to see that coming".
  • In season 4 of Steven Universe, Steven accidentally breaks a fortune-teller machine called Zoltron at the amusement park Funland in his hometown of Beach City. As payment, the owner of Funland makes Steven dress up as Zoltron, sit in the machine, and play the role of Zoltron.
  • In season 2 of The Order, The Zoltar machine specifically from the film Big is seen in several episodes and said to "grant wishes ironically" inferring to the ironic wish that is granted in the film Big.
  • In the 1972 Peanuts animated movie Snoopy Come Home, while Charlie Brown and Peppermint Patty are at a carnival, they come across a fortune telling machine and decide to have their fortunes told. While the machine provides Peppermint Patty with a positive fortune (reading "You are a very loving person and your life will be forever filled with romance"), it provides Charlie Brown with a refusal (reading "Forget it, kid!": Charlie Brown gets a candy heart with the same words in Be My Valentine, Charlie Brown).
  • Verbal Fortune Teller - Mills Novelty Co, c. 1904 - One unique machine, perhaps the only extant version in the world, survives in a museum in Virginia City, Montana. It features a recorded voice and eerie animatronics. "The 100-year-old fortune teller was an extremely rare find. Instead of dispensing a card like Zoltar, the Gypsy would actually speak your fortune from a hidden record player. When you dropped a penny in the slot, her eyes would flash, her teeth would chatter and her voice would come floating from a tube extending out of the eight-foot-tall box. This machine also provided fortunes for males and females separately". Reportedly, magician David Copperfield tried to buy the machine from the Montana State Historical Commission for two million dollars. [1]

Fortune Teller Machines are a rare artifact surviving from the era of penny arcade, boardwalk and amusement parks. Listed are a few of the notable varieties:

Court Ruling

In 1983, the San Francisco Court of Historical Review held a mock trial to settle the issue for once and for all. (The Court has no legal authority other weighty culinary issues they have settled include whether or not chicken soup deserves its reputation as "Jewish Penicillin.") During the trial, someone provided the judge with a fortune cookie containing the message "S.F. Judge who rules for L.A. not very smart cookie." In fairness to Daniel M. Hanlon, the real-life federal judge who presided over the case, his decision rested on weightier pieces of evidence, including a set of grills. Still, it came as no surprise when the Court sided with Hagiwara and ruled that San Francisco is the birthplace of the fortune cookie.

Not surprisingly, Angelenos ignored the ruling: many sources continue to credit Jung with inventing fortune cookies. But for now, Los Angeles (County) will have to be satisfied with being the official birthplace of the Cobb Salad and the Shirley Temple mocktail.

How Joseph Kennedy Made His Fortune (Hint: It Wasn’t Bootlegging)

One of the greatest American political dynasties of the 20th century was funded, in part, by alcohol. Rumors have swirled for decades that Joseph P. Kennedy, whose nine children included President John F. Kennedy, and U.S. Senators Robert and Edward Kennedy, made his early fortune as a bootlegger during Prohibition.

But while the patriarch of the Kennedy clan certainly had his foibles, including playing fast and loose with the pre-1929 crash stock market, trading in illicit liquor wasn’t one of them, according to David Nasaw, author of The Patriarch: The Remarkable Life and Turbulent Times of Joseph P. Kennedy.

𠇊s his biographer, I would have loved to have discovered that he was a bootlegger,” says Nasaw. “It would have given me all sorts of great stories. I tracked down every rumor I could find and none of them panned out. It became really clear that all of the stories about his bootlegging were just farcical.”

The rumors of Kennedy, the bootlegger, didn’t surface until the late 1960s and 1970s, says Nasaw, when conspiracy theorists were looking for reasons why the mafia might have played a role in the assassination of JFK. The theory was that the president’s father had made enemies in the underworld during his days as a bootlegger.

It didn’t help that various mafia characters came out of the woodwork to back up the accusations against Kennedy. Al Capone’s piano tuner said that he overheard conversations between “Scarface” and the elder Kennedy. The ex-wife of another Chicago mobster claimed her husband used to do business with Kennedy.

Nasaw doesn’t believe these stories, mostly because Richard Nixon, when he was running against JFK in 1960, hired a team of opposition researchers to investigate the Kennedy clan.

“They found all sorts of dirt on Joe Kennedy,” says Nasaw, 𠇋ut not that he was a bootlegger.”

Also, by the 1960s the elder Kennedy had held high-profile government posts as the first chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), and then as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom. Kennedy was undoubtedly extensively vetted before he took those jobs, says Nasaw, and the FBI would have known if he was a rum runner.

“[Bootlegging] is the last thing he would do,” says Nasaw. “He had other ways to make money. He knew where the line was between legality and illegality. He wasn’t going to cross that line, because his children, who he lived for and hoped would be presidents and senators, were already tarred with the brush of being Irish Catholic and he wasn’t going to add to that by being indicted for bootlegging.”

What’s true is that Joseph Kennedy’s father, Patrick Joseph Kennedy, was originally a saloon-owner in Boston who expanded to own a whiskey importation business. The son of poor Irish immigrants and a widowed mother, Patrick Joseph Kennedy made a good living in the alcohol business and became the first Kennedy to enter politics, first as a local ward boss and then as a Massachusetts state senator.

1975-91: Daytime

"Look at this studio, filled with glamorous prizes! Fabulous and exciting merchandise, just waiting to be won today on Wheel of Fortune!"

Wheel debuted on January 6, 1975 with Chuck, Susan, and Charlie, replacing Jeopardy! as per contract but taking the 10:30 AM slot of Winning Streak (which had also ended the previous Friday, as did Name That Tune). Chuck plugged the show in a voiceover during the credits of that day's Celebrity Sweepstakes, which aired at 10:00.

"Hello, this is Chuck Woolery. Wheel of Fortune is an exciting new game show where three contestants have a chance to spin the Wheel and win valuable prizes! So join hostess Susan Stafford and me for our new daytime program, Wheel of Fortune: premiering next on NBC."

Wheel had been refined from its third pilot in positive ways: puzzles now came with categories attached (soon expanding from Person, Place, Thing, and Fictional Character into categories such as Landmark, Title, Phrase, and Event), and the prizes were now behind behind a large prop at center stage with doors.

The show drew a 35 share on its first day and an average of 20 million viewers every day of the first week, quickly making Wheel the biggest series in all of daytime and earning Bolen a raise. Buy A Vowel eventually became required for vowel purchases, but remained problematic and was discarded by the end of October.

When The Price Is Right expanded to an hour on November 3, NBC expanded Wheel for that week as part of the network's Daytime Gigantic Game Gala on December 1, the expansion became permanent through January 16, 1976.

While the show remained successful even during the near-fatal 1978-81 reign of Fred Silverman, he made two attempts to cancel it in 1980:

  • The first was part of a plan to introduce a 90-minute talk show hosted by David Letterman on June 23, cutting out three games to do so. Among the mock schedules drafted was at least one which removed Wheel, although this was vetoed by May (Chuck and Susan addressed this on May 7, stating that the show had not been cancelled but NBC's schedule would be undergoing changes). The three games which got the axe were Chain Reaction, High Rollers, and The Hollywood Squares.
  • The second was carried through to the point of a series finale being taped for August 1 while Charlie and several other staffers left for other programs. By July 16, Silverman reversed the decision and opted to cut Letterman's program to 60 minutes amusingly, the episode aired with cancellation announcement and goodbyes intact, followed by Chuck joking about it the following Monday. Don Morrow filled in as announcer for that week, with Jack Clark taking the reins on the 11th.

Following this, however, the show continued with little to no hiccups. until late 1981.

Woolery leaves Wheel. and so does Susan

In late 1981, Chuck asked Merv for a salary increase from $65,000 to $500,000, in line with what other emcees were making and because Wheel was drawing a 44 share Merv offered $400,000, and NBC opted to pay the other $100,000 until Griffin threatened to move the show to CBS. In the end, Chuck left on Christmas Day 1981 (only one week after a set overhaul) and was replaced by KNBC weatherman Pat Sajak the next Monday Silverman originally vetoed the decision, claiming Sajak was "too local", to which Merv ceased production for several days. He eventually got his wish after Silverman was replaced by Grant Tinker, who had previously convinced Mort Werner to pick up Jeopardy! 17 years earlier.

Susan was originally abrasive to the emcee change, but soon warmed up to Pat. However, she clearly seemed distracted during the few circulating Susan/Pat episodes, and following a trip to India, she began reconsidering her career she ultimately left Wheel on October 22, 1982 to pursue charity work. Summer Bartholomew, Vicki McCarty, and Vanna White filled in through December 10, with Vanna becoming permanent on the 13th.

The show's next big change was on August 8, 1983: the music package used on Wheel for the past eight-and-a-half years, composed by Alan Thicke, was replaced by a new set of cues by Merv "Big Wheels" was replaced by "Changing Keys", and a new opening was introduced with a "Wheel! Of! Fortune!" chant (still used today) done over a shot of the logo on the spinning Round 1 layout.

Afterward, Wheel continued through the 1980s at a reasonable clip. until Pat made a decision in 1988.

Pat's announcement, Jack's departure
In late February 1988, Pat announced that he was stepping down from daytime to host The Pat Sajak Show, a talk show on CBS. Clark left after the May 6 show, very likely due to declining health and bone cancer, and died on July 21 Charlie returned temporarily, and Johnny Gilbert also filled in, but by mid-August the show's new announcer was M. G. Kelly.

The announcer issue was taken care of, but Wheel still needed a new daytime host.

The search
The audition process, based on extant footage, appears to have consisted of each host being introduced by Kelly, the host introducing Vanna, contestant interviews, the opening spin with daytime rules spiel, a complete round, and a post-game chat. Both the daytime and nighttime sets were used, with the appropriate music for Vanna's entrance depending on the set.

Over 30 candidates had been suggested or tested to replace Pat: Vanna was offered the position by producer Nancy Jones, but turned it down Kelly did an audition (alternate copy), as did Jimmy Connors, Roger Twibell, and John McEnroe (who eventually became a game show host in 2002 with The Chair on ABC and later BBC One).

Likely the least promising candidate was John Gabriel, whose hosting prowess was reportedly worse than Byrnes: Gabriel spun the Wheel the wrong way for the opening spin, read the score on the red player's display no matter whose turn it actually was (and/or called out whatever the red arrow stopped on regardless of whose turn it was), and during his chat with Vanna quickly brought up his prior work and association with the King brothers (who founded King World).

The most promising candidate was Tim Brando of ESPN, who auditioned in August and reportedly did so well that Merv said he "could host the show tomorrow". The cable network supported Brando, believing that it would increase awareness of ESPN and its programming. While Tim remained a possibility through at least mid-November, this was not to be.

"It's a lot different than football. "

While watching KABC's morning show A.M. Los Angeles around November 1988, Griffin noticed guest Rolf Benirschke, a former San Diego Chargers placekicker, discussing healthy habits Merv quickly sensed that Rolf was a genuine, sincere person who loved people, and asked him to audition for Wheel after doing one for Merv's newest creation Winfall. Merv then selected him for Wheel following a decent audition (according to a UPI article from May 28, 1989, Twibell was the #2 choice).

January 9, 1989 was Pat's last episode, and Rolf's debut (taped December 14, 1988) aired the next day. While Benirschke was clearly nervous and forgot rules at times (most infamously admitting that he did not know what to do in the event of a daytime tie), he remarked in his 1996 autobiography Alive & Kicking that his mindset was to enjoy doing Wheel no matter how long his run may last.

It was early in this period that the staff had finally had enough of Kelly, who often required several retakes for prize copy. At the same time, The Newlywed Game and The Dating Game were winding down their runs, and the announcer they shared became available for Wheel Kelly's last episode aired February 17, and he was replaced on the 20th by the aforementioned announcer – Charlie O'Donnell.

After six months of The Price Is Right continuing to build its lead while Wheel retained what it had already, NBC ended the show on June 30. only for it to return to CBS on July 17. While Rolf had visibly improved by the end of June and had been told that Merv wanted to retain him as host, CBS had other ideas.

"From Hollywood, the famous Wheel is spinning, spinning, spinning, and the players will be winning, winning, winning! Because there's lots of cash and some fabulous prizes just waiting to be won on Wheel of Fortune!"

While it was not yet known just who the host was going to be on CBS, a TV Guide ad at the beginning of July made it clear that it was not going to be Rolf. Possibilities included John Davidson (who had just ended a three-year run on Hollywood Squares), Chuck Henry (host of the 13-week Now You See It revival which Wheel was to replace), Bob Eubanks (who had left The Newlywed Game the previous December and whose Card Sharks ended in March), Pat Finn (who went on to host The Joker's Wild, Shop 'Til You Drop, and The Big Spin) and Marc Summers (host of Double Dare then in production as Super Sloppy Double Dare).

On July 7, CBS chose Bob Goen, himself no stranger to the genre. Wheel returned to its original timeslot of 10:30 AM, replacing the aforementioned Now You See It. Now using a scaled-down version of the nighttime format, almost everything was overhauled, generally for the better.

One problem, however, was that the show had become rather cheap: $50 and $75 returned for the first two months (sporting diamonds after the first CBS episode), the top values were $500/$500/$1,000/$1,250, and the Bonus Round offered such prizes as subcompact cars and $5,000 cash while still allowing the player to choose what prize to play for. While the budget improved somewhat over the next two years, October 16 was the last time the Wheel layouts were altered – namely, to replace the Free Spin wedge with $400.

Budget aside, the move to Television City freshened up the show but also set off its downfall: while remaining on the network for 18 months, nothing seemed to keep the ratings from tumbling even after it returned to the NBC schedule on January 14, 1991 (and in the process began offering Bonus Round prizes in the $10,000 range). In a sign that the show was flailing, several play-by-phone contests were held in an attempt to boost ratings none worked.

Wheel (as well as Classic Concentration) continued to skew older, and as a result advertisers were not particularly stumbling over one another to buy commercial space. The daytime Wheel ended on August 30 after 4,215 episodes, although repeats aired through September 20.

The genre as a whole (at least on a network scale) continued to slide downward until January 1994, when Caesars Challenge was taken off the air and left Price as the only daytime network game for nearly 16 years, when the Wayne Brady revival of Let's Make a Deal debuted on CBS in October 2009.

USS Monadnock

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this ship’s role at the Siege of Petersburg? Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen. We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Ship Information (from DANFS) 1 , 2 :

Name: USS Monadnock Type: Double-turreted Monitor Tonnage: 1,564
Length: 250” Beam: 55.5” Draught: Forward: 12’6”, Aft: 12’3”
Speed: Max: 9 knots Complement: 150 men Class: Miantonomoh
Armament: 4 15″ Dahlgren Smoothbores
Namesake: A monadnock of more than 3,100 feet in southern New Hampshire close to the border of Massachusetts often called Grand Monadnock to distinguish it from Little Monadnock which lies nearby to the east.

Captain John M. Berrien
Captain Image

Commander Enoch G. Parrott
Captain Image

Commander William Ronckendorff
Captain Image

First Offensive Order of Battle (June 13-18, 1864):

Second Offensive Order of Battle (June 19-30, 1864):

Third Offensive Order of Battle (July 1-31, 1864):

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle (August 1-31, 1864):

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle (September 1-October 13, 1864):

Not Yet Commissioned (September 1-October 3, 1864) 9

Commissioned at Boston Navy Yard (October 4, 1864) 10

  • Captain: Captain John M. Berrien (October 4, 1864) 11
  • Crew Strength:
  • Armament:
  • Note: The Monadnock was commissioned at the Boston Navy Yard on October 4, 1864, Capt. John M. Berrien in command. 12

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle (October 14-31, 1864):

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle (November 1-December 31, 1864):

Hampton Roads, Va. | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (November 1, 1864) 13 , 14

Not Present (North Carolina) (December 15, 1864) 15

  • Captain:
    • Captain John M. Berrien (November 1, 1864) 16
    • Commander Enoch G. Parrott (November 20 and December 5 & 15, 1864) 17 , 18 , 19

    Eighth Offensive Order of Battle (January 1-February 28, 1865):

    Not Present (North Carolina) (January 1 & 15, 1865) 22 , 23

    Not Present (South Atlantic Blockading Squadron) (February 1, 1865) 24

    • Captain: Commander Enoch G. Parrott (January 1 & 15 and February 1, 1865) 25 , 26 , 27
    • Crew Strength:
    • Armament: 4 x “guns” (January 1 & 15 and February 1, 1865) 28 , 29 , 30
    • Note: On January 1 & 15 and February 1, 1865, this ship is noted as a “Class 3” vessel. 31 , 32 , 33

    Ninth Offensive Order of Battle (March 1-April 2, 1865):

    James River, Va. | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (March 18 and April 1, 1865) (at Trent’s Reach April 1) 34 , 35 , 36

    Hampton Roads, Va. | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (April 15, 1865) 37

    • Captain: Commander William Ronckendorff (March 18 and April 1 & 15, 1865) 38 , 39 , 40
    • Crew Strength:
    • Armament: 4 x “guns” (March 18 and April 1 & 15, 1865) 41 , 42 , 43
    • On March 18 and April 1 & 15, 1865, this ship is noted as a “Screw Class” vessel. 44 , 45 , 46

    Siege of Petersburg Battles:

    Siege of Petersburg Involvement: 47

    The first Monadnock, a twin‑screw, wooden‑hull, double-turreted, iron‑clad monitor, was laid down at the Boston Navy Yard, Charlestown, Mass., in 1862 launched 23 March 1863 and commissioned at the Boston Navy Yard 4 October 1864, Capt. John M. Berrien in command.

    The only monitor of the class to see action during the Civil War Monadnock steamed to Norfolk, Va., and there Comdr. Enoch G. Parrott took command 20 November 1864…

    [SOPO Editor’s Note: The ship’s earlier Civil War experiences are omitted here.]

    After a stay at Port Royal, she returned to Hampton Roads 15 March [1865]. On 2 April, she steamed up the James River to support the final assault on Richmond and then assisted in clearing the river of torpedoes to allow safe passage to the fallen Confederate capitol. Returning to Hampton Roads 7 April [1865], she sailed out into the Atlantic on the 17th, en route to Havana, where she kept watch over CSS Stonewall. Back at Norfolk by 12 June [1865], she entered the Philadelphia Navy Yard on the 20th to fit out for her cruise to the west coast.

    Monadnock departed Philadelphia 5 October [1865] with Vanderbilt, Tuscorora, and Powatan. After stops at numerous South American ports, she transited the Straits of Magellan and continued on to San Francisco, anchoring off that city 21 June 1866. On 26 June she proceeded to Vallejo and entered the Mare Island Navy Yard where she decommissioned 30 June.


    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

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